During the British period an increased awareness of the needs for the improvement of methods of instruction was evidenced and attempts at improvement were made through the development of training institutions. In Pakistan today it has been recommended that the teachers should, as for as possible, make use of modern methods of instruction. The prevailing teaching methods are more mechanical communication of theoretical book learning in which too much stress is laid on memorization.

Since 1947, there were various programmes of training of the teachers for different stages. These were:

i. J.V. (Junior Vemacular) 8+1 for Primary Classes 1 (I-V)

ii. S.V. (Senior Vernacular) 10+1 = for Class 1-VIII

iii. C.T. (Certificate in Teaching) 12+1 = VIII including English for Class 1-1.

Iv. O.T. (Oriental Teacher) = One Year Training after a certificate in Oriental Language, for the instruction of Oriental Language. B.T. (Bachelor in Teaching) 14+1 – for Classes VI-X. (Renamed as B. Ed. in 1957).

The Commission on National Education (1959) recommended the following professional standards for teachers of different stages:

Class to teachQualification for admissionDuration of Training
I-VMatriculate1 Year
VI-VIIIIntermediate2 Years
IX-XBachelor’s degree2 Years
XI-XIIMaster’s degreeA short course
Framing of Comprehensive Syllabi:
During the farming of the syllabi for PTC and CT. the following aspects were considered by all the committees:

a. The objectives of the course
b. The concepts to be covered in the course
c.The detailed contents of the coursed.
d.The activities and experiences proposed
e. The equipment required for the course
f. The evaluation techniques of the course
g.The suggested guidelines for textbooks writers

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