8.1 Classroom Management and Instructional Technology

The instruction has significantt role in human learning because most of the human learning is a accomplished through instruction while animal learning through conditioning. The systematic actions which induce learning is known as instruction. The instruction stands for development of knowledge and beliefs.

Instructional technology means a net-work of techniques or devices employed to accomplish certain defined set of learning objectives.

Instructional technology implies the application of psychological, sociological and scientific principles and knowledge to instruction for achieving the specific objectives of learning.

B. F. Skinner, Robert Glaser, Norman A. Crowder, Mager and Gibert have contributed significantly in the area of instructional technology. The origin of instructional technology is from psychological laboratory experiemnts

S. M. Mc Murin (1970) has defined the term instructional technology comprehensively:

“Instructional technology is a systematic way of designing, carrying out and evaluating the total process of learning and teaching in terms of specific objectives based on research on human learning, and communication and employing a combination of human and non-human resources to bring about more effective instruction.”

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