The beginning of the 20th century was marked by the it between the Muslims and the British rulers. The Caliphate Movement and Non-cooperation Movement were important political movements in those days. It was felt that the education of the Muslims must coincide with the national demands and aspirations of the Muslims. At that time Aligarh was the educational Centre of the Muslims. But all its efforts had failed to achieve and fulfil their national aspirations. The public grant was stringed with official influence. Its graduates openly favoured the government policies.

Some sensitive Muslim leaders connected with the Aligarh Movement struggled hard to correct its approach. Among them Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar held an eminent position. When all his efforts proved futile, he thought of setting up a parallel institutions under the name of Jamia Millia Islamia. So he left Aligarh college and established this Jamia Millia quite close to the Aligarh College. However, in 1925 A.D., it was shifted to Delhi.

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