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1.3.4 OUTCOME-BASED CURRICULUM

Outcome-based curriculum

In 1980s the focus of curriculum planning started to shift from teaching. i.e. subjects, content, methods and other arrangements, to what students should actually learn as a result of school education.

The key idea of outcome based curriculum is that it guides the planning of teaching by more precise description of intended learning outcomes. In other words, this curriculum model consists of descriptive attainment targets for learning in various subjects.

For example, it may provide teachers with very detail ed lists of knowledge and skills that students should achieve in any given level of schooling. This concept became a very popular in 1990s because it gave politicians, parents and students, too, more specific pictures of what is expected from schools in terms of learning outcomes.

Moreover, it also made external assessment and testing of that learning more relevant due to commonly agreed expectations that the curriculum spelled out.

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