8.2 Purpose of the Test

Test can be use for a variety of purposes. The majority of uses can be classified into four basic type of Evaluation:

(a) Placement Testing

(b) Diagnostic Testing
(c) Formative Testing

(d) Summative Testing

(a) Placement Testing

It is used at the beginning of the unit or course:

(i) To determine learning readiness.

(ii) To aid in instructional planning.

(iii) To make advanced placements.

(b) Formative Testing

It is used periodically during the instruction to improve and direct pupil learning.

(c) Diagnostic Testing

It is used as needed during instruction to identify and remedy errors related to persistent learning difficulties.

(d) Summative Testing

It is used at the end of the course to assign grades and evaluate teaching and learning.

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