1.2 Concept of Measurement

According to Norman E. Gronlund (1985):

“Measurement is the process of obtaining a numerical description of the degree to which an individual possesses a particular characteristic.” (Answers the question how much).

According to Mehrens & Lehmann (1984): “Measurement is to obtain information in quantitative form”.

According to Ebel & Frisbie (1991):

“Measurement is the process of assigning numbers to individuals or their characteristics according to specified rules”.

According to Murry Print (1993):

“Measurement is the collection of data, usually in quantitative terms, of student performance.”

According to the Dictionary of Education (1989):

“Measurement is the process of finding dimensions of any object and the quantity found by such an act.”

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